Kindergarten Readiness

Early childhood education encompasses the quality and accessibility of educational investment for kids under 6 years old. Research suggests that addressing childhood education is a critical factor in improving the future educational attainment and socioeconomic transition of low-income communities. Poverty creates many barriers that impede young children’s development, placing them at a disadvantage even before they enter the classroom. The metric associated with early childhood education is “kindergarten readiness,” in alignment with the Ready for K Alliance. Louisville’s goal is for 77% of children to be kindergarten ready when they enter school by 2020. The data presented here represent students in public schools.

Trends Over Time

Since 2016, Louisville students have scored above the KY mean for kindergarten readiness. This score has not changed much since 2013. Currently, 52.5% of JCPS students are ready for kindergarten.

Differences Based on Race

With the exception of Hispanic students, all measured groups in Louisville are performing above their KY respective means. Asian JCPS students continue to show higher kindergarten readiness than Black and Hispanic JCPS students. Note that the gap between Black and White JCPS students has been decreasing since 2015. Since 2016, Black students in JCPS have been more prepared than their KY counterparts. Hispanic students in JCPS continue to perform at a level near their KY counterparts.

Differences Based on Sex

Females continue to be more prepared for kindergarten than males in both JCPS and KY public schools. Female JCPS students experienced a drop in preparedness from 2017 to 2018 and are now performing at the mean for females in KY public schools. This drop has decreased the gap between male and female students within JCPS.  Males JCPS students are significantly more prepared than males in KY public schools.

Differences Based on Free or Reduced Lunch Status

Students receiving free or reduced lunch continue to lag behind their fellow students in JCPS and across the state of KY. JCPS students not receiving free or reduced lunch are performing near the mean for their KY counterparts, while JCPS students receiving free or reduced lunch outperform their peers in the rest of KY.