Kindergarten Readiness

Early childhood education encompasses the quality and accessibility of educational investment for kids under 6 years old. Research suggests that addressing childhood education is a critical factor in improving the future educational attainment and socioeconomic transition of low-income communities. Poverty creates many barriers that impede young children’s development, placing them at a disadvantage even before they enter the classroom. The metric associated with early childhood education is “kindergarten readiness,” in alignment with the Ready for K Alliance. Louisville’s goal is for 77% of children to be kindergarten ready when they enter school by 2020. The data presented here represent students in public schools.

Trends Over Time

Since 2016, Louisville students have scored above the Kentucky mean for kindergarten readiness. This score has not changed much since 2013. Currently, 51.7% of JCPS students are ready for kindergarten.

Differences Based on Race

Hispanic students continue to be deemed less ready for Kindergarten than other racial groups. More Black students are deemed Kindergarten ready than in 2013. Asian students in JCPS are outperforming other racial groups and their counterparts in KY public schools.

Differences Based on Sex

Females continue to be more prepared for kindergarten than males in both JCPS and Kentucky public schools. Female JCPS students experienced a drop in preparedness from 2017 to 2018 and are now performing near the mean for females in Kentucky public schools.  Males JCPS students are  more prepared than males in Kentucky public schools.

Differences Based on Free or Reduced Lunch Status

Students receiving free or reduced lunch continue to lag behind their fellow students in JCPS and across the state of Kentucky. JCPS students not receiving free or reduced lunch are performing near the mean for their Kentucky counterparts, while JCPS students receiving free or reduced lunch outperform their peers in the rest of Kentucky.