Children Under 5 in Poverty

Young children living in poverty or in a neighborhood of concentrated poverty experience unique barriers to food access, stable housing, employment, healthcare, and social support. These barriers can hinder a child’s ability to achieve academic success. In addition, children living below the poverty line may struggle with finding stable and substantial employment as adults.

Peer City Perspective

Louisville currently ranks 8th among its peer cities in child poverty among young children, with 20.5% of children under the age of 5 living in poverty. In 2017, the poverty line was $16,240 for a family of two and $24,600 for a family of four.

Louisville is in the middle of its peer group according to a natural breaks algorithm. Cities in green are those that outperform their peers, cities in yellow represent the middle cluster, and those in red are a group that lags behind its peers on this indicator.

Where is childhood poverty found in Louisville?

Although Louisville ranks 8th out of 17 cities in young child  poverty rates, child poverty varies substantially within the city. In the map to the left, areas with high rates of young child poverty are purple, and areas with average to low rates are white.

Young child poverty is most concentrated in Louisville’s western and downtown neighborhoods. Russell, California-Parkland, and Algonquin-Park Hill_Park Duvalle have young child poverty rates around 60%. The lowest rates of child poverty are in Floyd’s Fork, Northeast Jefferson, J-Town, and Fern Creek.

Scroll over the map to see values for each neighborhood. Zoom in to see street names that form the boundaries of each neighborhood.

Trends over time

Child poverty rates in Louisville have steadily decreased since 2012. Louisville’s child poverty rate is below the peer mean. The child poverty rate in Louisville has decreased much faster than its peers since 2012. Concerted efforts to eradicate child poverty could create a foundation that would place Louisville in the top tier of cities for generations to come.

Comparison Most and Least Improved Cities

Louisville’s child poverty rate is currently slightly behind the most improved peer city, Knoxville. Both cities are below 25%. The rate of child poverty has been decreasing since 2012 and has been below the peer city mean since that time.

Differences Based on Race

The percentage of Black children under age 5 living in poverty is more than double the percentage of White children. The percentage of Black children in poverty is below their respective peer mean, while the percentage of White children in poverty is at their relative 75th percentile.

Differences Based on Sex

There are more slightly more young male children in poverty than young female in poverty. The percentage of female children under age 5 in poverty is below the peer city mean, while the percentage for males currently sits at the peer city mean. For both males and females, the percentage is below 30%.