Children Under 5 in Poverty

Young children living in poverty or in a neighborhood of concentrated poverty experience unique barriers to food access, stable housing, employment, healthcare, and social support. These barriers can hinder a child’s ability to achieve academic success. In addition, children living below the poverty line may struggle with finding stable and substantial employment as adults.

Peer City Perspective

Louisville currently ranks 8th among its peer cities in child poverty among young children, with 20.5% of children under the age of 5 living in poverty. In 2017, the poverty line was $16,240 for a family of two and $24,600 for a family of four.

Louisville is in the middle of its peer group according to a natural breaks algorithm. Cities in green are those that outperform their peers, cities in yellow represent the middle cluster, and those in red are a group that lags behind its peers on this indicator.

Where is childhood poverty found in Louisville?

Although Louisville ranks 8th out of 17 cities in young child  poverty rates, child poverty varies substantially within the city. In the map to the left, areas with high rates of young child poverty are purple, and areas with average to low rates are white.

Young child poverty is most concentrated in Louisville’s western and downtown neighborhoods. Russell, California-Parkland, and Algonquin-Park Hill_Park Duvalle have young child poverty rates around 60%. The lowest rates of child poverty are in Floyd’s Fork, Northeast Jefferson, J-Town, and Fern Creek.

Scroll over the map to see values for each neighborhood. Zoom in to see street names that form the boundaries of each neighborhood.

Trends over time

Since 2013, there has been a downward trend in the Louisville for the number of children under 5 in poverty. Louisville is currently below the peer mean and above the 25th percentile at 24.1%.

Comparison Most and Least Improved Cities

Memphis continues to be the lease improved city with 39.3% of its children under 5 living in poverty. They are over 13 percentage points above the peer mean. Louisville fell below the peer mean in 2013 and continues to improve. Less than 3 percentage points separate Louisville and the most improved peer city, Knoxville.

Differences Based on Race

The percentage gap between Black and white children has yet to decrease. In Louisville, over 40% of Black children ages 5 to 17 are living in poverty, compared to 11.3% of whites in that age category.

Differences Based on Sex

Fewer females under the age of 5 live in poverty compared to their mail counterparts. Louisville females, in that age group are currently almost 3 percentage points below their peer mean, 22,8%. Louisville males, in that age group are slightly less than their peer mean at 25.4%.