Children Ages 3 and 4 Enrolled in Preschool

Early childhood education plays an important role in establishing academic foundations and future educational outcomes. Preschool enrollment for 3- and 4-year-olds is important for enabling them to enter kindergarten at the same level as their peers. The first years of a child’s schooling are very influential on their educational trajectory. Preschool enrollment is strongly associated with the educational attainment of caregivers. Those who have lower levels of educational attainment are less likely to enroll their own child in preschool.

Peer City Perspective

Louisville currently ranks 16th among its peer cities in rates of preschool enrollment, with 38.6% of children ages 3 and 4 enrolled in preschool.

Note: Because children ages 3 and 4 make up a small fraction of the population of Louisville, individual years of data are highly variable. Past years of data have placed Louisville around 7th among its peer cities. The trendline below combines multiple years of data, so it likely paints a more accurate picture of preschool enrollment in Louisville.

Louisville is in the bottom cluster of its peer group according to a natural breaks algorithm. Cities in green are those that outperform their peers, cities in yellow represent the middle cluster, and those in red lag behind their peers on this indicator.

Where are Children Ages 3 and 4 Enrolled in Preschool? 

Fewer than 40% of Louisville children ages 3 and 4 are enrolled in preschool. In the map to the left, areas where more children ages 3 and 4 are enrolled in preschool are purple, while areas where fewer children ages 3 and 4 are enrolled in preschool are white. There are more 3- and 4-year olds enrolled in preschool east of I-65.

The Highlands has the highest concentration of children ages 3 and 4 enrolled in preschool, with over 72% of children enrolled. Conversely, the lowest concentration of of children ages 3 and 4 enrolled in preschool is located downtown, near the University of Louisville, where fewer than 11% of children ages 3 and 4 enrolled.

Scroll over the map to see values for each neighborhood. Zoom in to see street names that form that boundaries of each neighborhood.


Trends over time

Preschool enrollment in Louisville has decreased from 56% in 2000 to the peer city mean of 45%. While the peer city average has remained largely stagnant since 2007, Louisville’s trendline has decreased at a more rapid pace.

Comparison Between the Most and Least Improved Cities

The percentage of children ages 3 and 4 enrolled in preschool has fallen since 2000. St. Louis, the most improved city, has seen an increase in the number of 3 and 4-year olds enrolled since 2007. Louisville, on the other hand, has seen a decrease over the same time frame and now sits slightly above the peer mean. Greensboro is the least improved peer city. 

Differences Based on Sex

Since 2012, more females have been enrolled in preschool than males. The rate of Louisville females is above the peer city mean, while the rate for males is below their peer city mean. The rate for both sexes has declined since 2000.